In 1963, Kenyan Africans from all walks of life united because they saw the promise and potential of Kenya. People like the late JM Kariuki and Tom Mboya did not see themselves as Kikuyu and Luo respectively, but as progressives out to make Kenya progress.
However, as soon as the common enemy, the colonialist was out, Kenya disintegrated. People that used to view themselves Kenyan Africans in pride and principle suddenly saw themselves as Luo, Kikuyu, and Kalenjin first, then Kenyans second. Suddenly, in the words of the Economist Dr.David Ndii, project Kenya collapsed even before it had began. By 1969, Kenya had so badly disintegrated that JM Kariuki was the only Kikuyu MP to attend Tom Mboya's funeral. Kenya, and by extension Africa, collapsed even before it had began.
We had another opportunity to remake the great Kenyan nation in 2002, after the opposition loosely coalesced around the NARC coalition in order to dislodge Moi's KANU from power.
However, as it appears, there was no real binding glue to hold the opposition together. Kibaki's men like Chris Murungaru and Kiraitu Murungi became the real power brokers. Luo MPs coalesced around Raila. In fact, the late John Michuki said that there was no need for reforms since Moi was out power. The country, then as at now, was so ethnically polarised that we paid in 2007 in the post election violence of 2007.
The opposition must this time be united around issues. We must not just aim to remove Jubilee from power because we want to be the ones inspecting the guard of honor, or being chauffeured on the back of the Mercedes Benz. We must fight Jubilee because we want to make Kenya progress, not because we want power for the sake of it. Otherwise, what we would have done is to replace one group of oppressors with another. This would be a tragedy of unimaginable proportions.
The opposition must aim to be a revolution rather than a movement. In a revolution, the leader can be compromised. They can be bought off. They can be subsumed by the system. They can become tired. However, in a movement, everyone within the movement feeds it. In short, a movement is fed by the rank and file. For this, it can mutate. It spreads like wildfire. It is unstoppable.
For this reason, the opposition has to fire bullets from every direction. This is the only way it can dislodge not just Jubilee as a party, but as a system. We witnessed the 1963 revolution become a cropper. We witnessed multipartysm in 1992 become a quest for tribal identity and ethnic whipping. We witnessed the 2002 NARC revolution become a project for personal enrichment.
In short, we cannot afford another failed movement. It would be a tragedy of unimaginable proportions.