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Postponed Raila swearing in will not derail reforms.

Raila Odinga was to be sworn in tomorrow as the People's President of Kenya. To his supporters, Raila is the center of gravity of kenya...

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06/10/2013

Kenya's journey to Hague ICC.

2002- A retrospect: The year of change. 2002 became a game changer in Kenyan politics. In the run-up to the elections, opposition leaders joined forces to oust the ruling KANU party. The National Rainbow Coalition proved a fragile alliance but it managed to bring its candidate Mwai Kibaki (pictured) into office. Daniel Arap Moi's 24-year-long presidency ended - it was the first political transition in Kenya's history.


2002- 2007: Economic growth and political conflict

The alliance between the former opposition parties faltered early on. During Kibaki's first term in office, Kenya's economy grew by up to 6 percent per year. But the coalition was marred by inter-party fighting. The coalition failed to introduce key reforms, such as a new constitution. With "Kibaki Tena" or "Kibaki Again", the president launched his re-election campaign in 2007.

2007- Disputed Presidential Result with Prime Minister Raila Odinga.
The election year was littered with political wrangling, cabinet dismissals and the forming of alliances amongst Kibaki's opponents. Raila Odinga (pictured) became Kibaki's main rival in the race for the presidency. After
Kibaki's narrow win in the 2007 polls, the opposition cried foul. As Kibaki was sworn in, Odinga's supporters took to the streets.

2007-  A history of ethnic tension
Ethnic rivalries and clientage have played a central role in Kenyan politics since the country's independence. Tensions between the country's main ethnic groups - the Kikuyu, the Luo and the Kalenjin - flared up after the polls. In the end, they led to outright violence. As neighbors turned against each other, machetes or "pangas" became the weapons of convenience.

2008- Months of Violence
The three months of violence that followed shocked both the international community and most Kenyans. The country had never seen violence on this scale before. The biggest outbreaks occurred in Nairobi's slums and in the neighboring Rift Valley province. Pictured above are protesters at a road block in Kisumu, Raila Odinga's main stronghold in western Kenya.

2008- A population displaced
Around 1,200 people were killed during the ethnic clashes and half a million people had to flee their homes. The violence created new divides in the country as people moved to their ethnic homelands. In early 2013, the government claimed that over 700 families were still living in temporary camps. The new government has promised to resettle all remaining internal refugees this year.

2008- A pricy peace deal
In February 2008, former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan managed to broker a peace deal. Kibaki remained president, while Odinga took up the newly created post of prime minister. Uhuru Kenyatta became his deputy. Both camps could also send an even number of members into the new cabinet. With 40 ministers and 52 deputies it became the country's largest.

2010- The "Ocampo Six"
After failing to install a local tribunal to bring those responsible for the violence to justice, the International Criminal Court (ICC) took over. In 2010, ICC chief prosecutor, Luis Moreno Ocampo named six suspects. Among them were some of Kenya's top politicians, the head of the police force and a radio presenter. Kenyans soon started calling them the "Ocampo Six". Three were later acquitted.

2012- Two foes unite
In late 2012, two of the "Ocampo Six" announced that they would contest the 2013 elections on one ticket. Under the deal, Uhuru Kenyatta ran for the presidency. William Ruto was selected as his running mate. Originally, they had been political archrivals. Kenyatta represents the Kikuyu ethnic group, Ruto is a Kalenjin. The ICC continued to investigate them and radio presenter Joshua arap Sang.

2013- A narrow victory
As Kenya's new president Uhuru Kenyatta treads in the footsteps of his father, the country's first president, the shadow of the ICC still looms over him. The country now holds its breath. Many people are sceptical if the court will dare to sentence a sitting president and his deputy.

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